There are more than 30 million animals in the world. While this may seem like a large number, many species are on the brink of extinction because of man’s intervention.
Below are the top 10 endangered species in the world:
1. Javan Rhinoceros
One of the world’s rarest animals is only between 58 to 68 Javan rhinos living in the wild. They are usually killed for their horns. However, their loss of habitat has also been caused by the Vietnam War.
The Javan rhinos can only be found in Ujung Kulon National Park towards the south-western tip of Java, Indonesia. The rest of the population of these rhinos was completely wiped out in 2010 from Vietnam.
The rarest endangered marine mammal in the world, the vaquita, can be found in the northern part of the Gulf of California, Mexico. Unfortunately, there are only 10 of these mammals are left in the world today. They are super easy to spot because they live in shallow water- usually in lagoons no deeper than 30m. However, when boats sail through, these animals quickly scatter around.
Due to increased marine fishing, fishing nets, chlorinated pesticides, irrigation, and inbreeding, these mammals are on the brink of extinction.
3. Mountain Gorillas
Today, 1,063 mountain gorillas exist in the wild. The good news is that since 1981, their population has been seen to be doubling. Almost 30 years ago, these animals were feared to go extinct. However, conservation efforts have led mountain gorillas to go from the “critically endangered” list to the “endangered” list on the IUCN red list in 2018.
Illegal poaching, pollution, habitat deforestation, fragmentation, and diseases continue to threaten mountain gorillas. Often killed for their meat, the younger gorillas are at more risk.
One group of mountain gorillas can be found in the Virunga volcanic mountains of Central Africa in three national parks: Uganda’s Mgahinga National Park, Rwanda’s Volcanoes National Park, and DR Congo’s Virunga National Park.
Another group of mountain gorillas can be found in Uganda’s Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. You can only find mountain gorillas in these two locations.
Did you know that at the start of the 20th century, 100,000 tigers existed in the world? Today, only 3,900 tigers are residing in the wild.
Tigers need large areas of land to survive. Since they live in some of the most densely populated areas on Earth, they are in constant conflict with humans. Due to habitat destruction and fragmentation, the population of tigers is rapidly dropping.
Tigers can be found in India, Bangladesh, China, Sumatra, Siberia, and Nepal.
5. Asian Elephants
Since 1986, Asian elephants have been considered endangered. This is because, over the past 75 years, 50 percent of their population has dwindled. This means that there are less than 50,000 elephants left in the wild today.
The habitat of elephants is being destroyed because of fragmentation, deforestation, and an ever-increasing human population that is continuously taking up these elephants’ space.
Even though the Sri Lankan, Indian, and Sumatran Asian elephants can be found, Asian elephants are rare. They can only be found at The Gathering- an assembly of 300 elephants that come to the Minneriya Tank’s shores in Sri Lanka’s Minneriya National Park in August to bathe and drink. This is the biggest congregation of Asian elephants in the world.
Ever since 2000, the orangutan has become one of the world’s most endangered species. Around ten years ago, more than 230,000 orangutans were living in the world. However, today this number has dropped by half.
The orangutan’s survival has been critically threatened by logging, forest fires, fragmentation, and the removal of tropical forests for palm oil.
Over 104,000 Bornean orangutans living in the world today can be found in Malaysia and Indonesian Borneo. However, there are barely 14,000 Sumatran orangutans left.
The rarest of all Orangutans are the Tapanuli species- there are only 800 left in the wild. Since 2019, the Tapanuli species are under threat because of the hydropower plant built near the Batang Toru River.
7. Leatherback Sea Turtles
There are around 26,000 to 43,000 female sea turtles that nest every year. This is a small number as compared to the 115,000 in 1980. Since young turtles are vulnerable, barely any of them live till adulthood.
Turtle nests are mostly dug up by birds and small mammals that eat the eggs. Once the remaining eggs hatch, they are picked up by birds and crustaceans before they have the chance to make it to the sea. Moreover, young turtles are often attacked by fish, squid, and octopuses in the water.
Popular nesting spots for leatherback sea turtles can be found in Suriname, French Guiana, Grand Anse beach in Saint Lucia, Turtle Beach in Tobago, Guyana’s Shell Beach, and Gabon.
The largest nesting population can be found in Gabon’s Mayumba National Park beaches on the African Continent.
8. Snow Leopards
There are around 4,080 to 6,590 snow leopards in the wild. They can be found in 12 main countries, including China, Bhutan, Nepal, India, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Russia Mongolia.
These species are under threat due to herders who kill them to protect their livestock from being preyed on.
Snow Leopards can be found in Mongolia’s Gobi Gurvansaikhan National Park, the Himalayan mountains of Bhutan’s Jigme Dorji National Park, and Phoksundo Lake that is between Upper and Lower Dolpo in western Nepal’s Shey-Phoksundo National Park.
9. Irrawaddy Dolphins
Termed as endangered by the ICUN, reports show less than 100 Irrawaddy dolphins left in the world.
These playful mammals can be found in the south of Asia. They have been spotted in the Ayeyarwady River in Myanmar (Burma), the Mahakam River in Indonesian Borneo, and the Mekong.
10. Atlantic Bluefin Tuna
Records show that there has been a 72% decline in the bluefin tuna numbers on the eastern side of the Atlantic and an 82% decline on the west.
The main cause of the extinction of the Atlantic Bluefin Tuna is overfishing. These fish are usually sold commercially as food, especially in the Japanese fish market, where sushi and sashimi are popular foods. Farming is also one of the biggest threats to the Atlantic Bluefin Tuna as these fish are taken from the wild even before they are old enough for reproduction.
The Endangered Species Coalition’s Mission
The Endangered Species Coalition’s mission is to stop the nation’s at-risk species from getting extinct, especially at the hands of humans. The organization aims to protect and restore the habitats of endangered species to heal from the damage that the world has caused them.
This organization works tirelessly on the Endangered Species Act- a law that makes it important for each citizen to protect threatened and endangered wildlife, including animals, fish, plants, and insects. All places for wild animals need to be protected at all costs.
The Endangered Species Coalition uses education and targeted campaigns to help all Americans become a part of the democratic political process. Our network consists of conservation, scientific, education, religious, sporting, outdoor recreation, business, and community organizations that come together to protect the country’s fast-diminishing wildlife. Become a part of our mission today.